Our blog today

There are various models of peer counseling being used. The kind or kinds of models used depends on the needs of the community and the expertise of the peer counselor. There are four approaches which are most common.

Models of peer counseling

Education

There are various models of peer counseling being used. The kind or kinds of models used depends on the needs of the community and the expertise of the peer counselor. There are four approaches which are most common.


The space

There are various models of peer counseling being used. The kind or kinds of models used depends on the needs of the community and the expertise of the peer counselor. There are four approaches which are most common.

The generalist approach

Almost every program has one person amongst them who can work as the 'generalist' in the program. Often this person is placed at the 'intake' level or is the first person to come in contact with the person seeking help. It is the responsibility of this type of counselor to feel out the nature of the problem, to determine who could best work with this individual and determine how long the involvement would be. Usually, the generalist works for a very short time with the individual and then refers to someone who is more specialized in what the person needs.

Instructional counselor

This approach basically involves the teaching of skills. This type of counselor is often called peer educator or peer tutor. The main objective of this type of counseling is to help individuals make that transition from being totally dependent to being as independent as possible by giving training in the areas that the individual seems to be lacking, e.g. social skills, attendant management, financial management, functional needs, academic skills, etc.

Outreach

This type of work involves going out to people to make known to them what the Independent Living philosophy is. This type of counselor is meeting with people who often do not have the ability to reach out. In some ways they have become too accepting of their situation and do not realize there are other ways.

Advocacy

The main function of this type of counselor is to help people work their way through systems so that they can get what is rightfully theirs. This can be looked upon as more a teaching role - what is the nature of the system, how does one work through the hierarchies to get what one wants. There may be a need to teach letter writing, communication skills, telephone skills, etc.

History

Peer counseling is a term being heard with greater frequency, particularly throughout the various Independent Living centers in North America. Although to some it seems like a new concept, the concept has been in existence for many years and proven to be very worthwhile. Such organizations as the Alcoholics Anonymous, the Canadian Paraplegic Association, the Canadian Association of Children with Learning Disabilities, parent groups that form to help improve and get involved with school systems, the Cerebral Palsy Association, etc., the list could be very long. All the organizations have demonstrated that consumer based organizations can deliver important kinds of service. They all use peer support and peer counseling as a feature of their service. They all operate on the premise that:

  • the peer counselor provides a role model,
  • the peer counselor can serve as a link between the person seeking help and the service provider,
  • the peer counselor can draw on a wide range of unique experiences which cannot be observed by anyone else.

Program planning

The peer counseling movement is a response to a number of different factors in our society. Recognizing this and recognizing the potential that peer counseling has for improving service steps should be taken to finance, administer and develop such programs. Initial issues which have to be addressed in setting up a program such as this are:

  • do the counsellors need professional training or not,
  • how formal should a peer counseling program be,
  • should peer counsellors be paid or should they be willing to offer their area of expertise on a volunteer basis.

There are legal concerns, as well, that have to be addressed:

  • what is the liability of the organization using peer counsellors,
  • what supervisory mechanisms need to be in place in order to use peer counsellors,
  • how can the client's rights to confidentiality be guaranteed when the peer counsellors do not belong to a licensed body whose responsibility it is to monitor this.

Conclusion

Peer counseling is a developing concept that should not be looked upon as a panacea for alleviating personal problems in others. However, evidence of the benefits of peer counseling can be seen in many programs and it should be evaluated as an area of great potential.


Gallery





Writer

Morgan Gitau

2020-05-30 04:04:14

Recent Stories


Models of peer counseling

2020-05-30 04:04:14





Join the Best Community


15.000 members have already found their half. It's free an it will only take a few minutes to make your first encounters. So what are you waiting for?








We connect genuine and verified sellers with thousands of experienced sales agents across the country willing to sell their products and services at an agreed commission.

Useful Links



Contacts



43346, Nakuru, Kenya

info@pca.co.ke

983257


We have a new app



Locate and peer counselors in your area and get service with ease.

Download our application from the playstore